Plastic Surgery Glossary
A cone-shaped trephine designed to avoid penetration of
the brain when incising the skull
Excision of abdominal fat and
skin for cosmetic purposes.
The removal, esp. of organs, abnormal growths, or
harmful substances from the body by mechanical means, as by surgery.
A needle, esp. one used in a surgical operation.
A needle for cutting tissue by means of a
high-frequency electric current.
Surgical removal of the adenoids.
A tissue or organ obtained from one member of a
species and grafted to genetically dissimilar member of the same species. Also
called "allotransplant, homograft, homotransplant." Cf.
"Autograft, syngraft, xenograft."
To cut off (all or part of a limb or digit of the body), as by surgery.
To cut off (all or part of a limb or digit of the
body), as by surgery.
Reconstruction or restoration, esp. by plastic
surgery, of a lost or injured part.
drugs that cause the loss of feeling or sensation.
The repair of a blood vessel, as by inserting a
balloon-tipped catheter to unclog it or by replacing part of the vessel with
either a piece of the patientís own tissue or a prosthetic device: Example:
coronary angioplasty to widen an artery blocked by plaque.
Excision of the vermiform appendix.
The incision or opening into the lumen of an
artery for the removal of a clot, embolus, or the like, or, formerly, for
Surgical excision of a joint.
The Surgical repair of a joint or
the fashioning of a movable joint, using the patientís own tissue or an
Any of various four-chambered devices, modeled on
the human heart, that pump blood by attachment to a power source and that are
constructed for temporary external use or for implantation as a temporary or
permanent heart replacement.
A mechanical device that operates
outside the body and substitutes for the kidney by removing waste products
from the blood, Also called "hemodialyzer." Cf Dialysis
The removal of plaque from an
artery by means of a tiny rotating cutting blade inserted through a catheter.
A tissue or organ that is grafted
into a new position on the body of the individual from which it was removed.
Also called " autoplast, autotransplant." Cf. allograft, syngraft,
From the same organism: Example:
and autologous graft
The repair of defects with tissue
from another part of the patientís body.
A method of opening a clogged or
narrowed blood vessel in which a small balloon is introduced into the vessel
by means of a catheter and then inflated at the site of blockage.
A horizontal surgical incision
in the lower abdomen, often used for a hysterectomy or a Cesarean delivery, so
called because it leaves a less noticeable scar than does a vertical incision.
Plastic suitable for use as a
Plastic surgery of the eyelid,
used to remove epicanthic folds, sagging tissue, or winkles around the eyes or
to repair injury to the eyelid.
The act or practice of letting blood by
opening a vein; phlebotomy.
The technique in which a small
amount of bone marrow is withdrawn by a syringe. from a donorís pelvic bone
and injected into a patient whose ability to make new blood cells has been
impaired by a disease, as anemia or cancer, or by exposure to radiation.
A cutting tool resembling that
of a dentist, used for the excavation of bone.
A short, straight incision
through the wall of a cavity or a canal.
A surgical procedure in which a
diseased or obstructed hollow organ is temporarily or permanently
circumvented. Cf coronary bypass, gastric bypass, heart-lung machine,
A metal tube for insertion into the body
to draw off fluid or to introduce medication.
Excision of the heart.
Excision of the cardiac section of the
To remove the testes of; emasculated;
A puncture into a body cavity, usually to
Also called Cesarean section, c-section. "An
operation by which a fetus is taken from the uterus by cutting through the
walls of the abdomen and uterus.
Plastic surgery of the lip.
An operation for treating Parkinsonís
disease and certain other diseases characterized by muscular rigidity,
consisting of destroying a specific part of the corpus striatum by injection
it with a chemical, usually alcohol.
The use of chemical substances to destroy
diseased or unwanted tissue.
Removal of the gallbladder
To remove the prepuce of (a male), esp.
as a religious rite.
An act, instance, or the rite of circumcising.
To bring close together: Example: The Surgeons coapted the edges of the wound.
A device consisting of microelectrodes
that deliver electrical stimuli directly to the auditory nerve when surgically
implanted into the cochlea, enabling a person with sensorineural deafness to
hear. Also called "artificial ear."
The removal of all or part of the colon or large
Incision or opening of the colon.
The incision of a band of commissures,
esp. of miltral fibers, to correct mitral stenosis, Cf. valvulotomy.
An instrument for compressing a part of
The surgical severance of certain nerve
fibers of the spinal cord to alleviate intractable pain.
The surgical revascularization of the
heart, using healthy blood vessels of the patient, performed to circumvent
obstructed coronary vessels and improve blood flow.
Plastic surgery for improving a personís
appearance by restoration of damaged areas of skin, removal of wrinkles or
Excision of part of all of a rib. Also
An instrument, as shears or a knife, for
incising or dividing a rib, as in costotomy.
The operation of opening the skull,
usually for operations on the brain.
The surgical removal of a cataract with a
used in cryosurgery, having a supercooled tip for applying extreme cold to
diseased tissue in order to remove or destroy it.
The use of extreme cold to destroy tissue
for therapeutic purpose.
A scoop-shaped surgical instrument for
removing tissue from body cavities, as the uterus.
The incision of a superficial vein in
order to effect direct insertion of a catheter.
A type of scalpel for performing a cyclotomy.
Incision of the ciliary muscle.
Excision of a cyst or bladder, usually
from the urinary bladder.
To clean (a wound) by
Surgical removal of foreign matter and dead
tissue from a wound.
To remove the cerebrum.
The procedure of relieving increased cranial,
cardiac, or orbital pressure.
To remove the cortex from (an organ or
The removal of the cortex, the enveloping
membrane, or a fibrinous covering from an organ or structure.
The bursting open of a surgically closed wound.
An instrument for pressing down a protruding
part, as a tongue depressor.
A mechanical instrument for cutting thin sections
of skin for grafting.
An instrument for dilating body canals, orifices,
To tear away or apart, as distinguished from cut
A tearing apart; violent separation.
A material or appliance for maintaining the
opening of a wound to permit free exit of fluids.
The drainage of fluids, as bile, urine, etc.,
from the body, or of pus and other diseased products from a wound.
The formation of an artificial connection between
the duodenum and the jejunum.
Swelling caused by large amount of fluid in cells or tissues.
The use in surgery of an electric
instrument, as an acusector, or of an electric current, as in
electrocoagulation; surgical diathemy.
EmboliSomething that blocks a blood vessel. See embolism.
EmbolismThe blocking of a blood vessel or organ by pieces of matter such as fat.
Removal of an embryo.
Dismemberment of a fetus, when natural
delivery is impossible, in order to effect its removal.
to break up into small pieces.
Surgical incision or dissection of the
The surgical stripping of a
fat-encrusted, thickened arterial lining so as to open or widen the artery for
improved blood circulation.
(Of living tissue) to become grafted.
Excision of part of the intestine.
To remove (a kernel, tumor, eyeball,
etc.) From its enveloping cover.
Epinephrine a drug injected before liposuction to reduce bleeding during the procedure.
To remove the contents of (a body organ).
To cut out or off, as a tumor.
The surgical removal of a foreign body or
To remove the surface of (a bone, the
skin, etc.) In scales or laminae.
The act, state, or process of
To investigate into, esp. mechanically,
as with a probe.
To cut out or off.
To cut out.
The act of pulling the broken or
dislocated part of a limb in a direction from the trunk, in order to bring the
ends of the bone into their natural situation.
To expose (an internal structure)
temporarily outside the body, for observation, surgery, or experimentation.
To pull up by or as if by the roots; root
up: Example: to extirpate an unwanted hair.
An opening made into a hollow organ, as
the bladder or eyeball, for drainage.
A device incorporating a metal bar and
pins that is used in stabilizing difficult bone fractures.
A portion of skin or flesh that is
partially separated from the body and may subsequently be transposed by
A kind of lancet, as for opening veins.
An instrument, as pincers or tongs, for
seizing and holding objects, as in surgical operations.
To render part of the body insensitive to
pain or slower in its function by artificial means.
To fasten open the jaws of, as in surgical
The excision of a ganglion.
Partial or total excision of the stomach.
A Surgical procedure by which all or part
of the stomach is circumvented by anastomosis to the small intestine,
performed to overcome obstruction or in the treatment of morbid obesity. Also
The making of a new passage between the
stomach and the duodenum (gastroduodenostomy) or, esp., the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy).
Any plastic surgery on the stomach.
The construction of an artificial opening
from the stomach through the abdominal wall, permitting intake of food or
drainage of gastric contents.
(of anesthesia or and anesthetic) causing
loss of consciousness and abolishing sensitivity to pain throughout the body.
A portion of living tissue surgically
transplanted from one part of an individual to another, or from one individual
to another, for its adhesion and growth.
Excision of a cerebral gyrus.
The insertion of synthetic fibers or
human hair into the scalp to cover baldness. Cf. Hair Transplant.
An operation for the repair of a hernia.
Correction of a hernia by a suturing
The repair of lesions with tissue from
another individual or species.
Incision of the hymen
Excision of the pituitary gland.
Excision of the uterus.
The surgical formation of an artificial
opening between the ileum and the colon.
The construction of an artificial opening
from the ileum through the abdominal wall, permitting drainage of the contents
of the small intestine.
Overlapping of layers of tissue in the
closure of wounds or in the correction of defects.
Pertaining to a device, as a micro-pump
or porous polymer membrane, for surgical insertion under the skin for the
controlled release of a drug.
A cutting into, esp. for surgical
Invasion by and multiplication of bacteria or microorganisms that can produce tissue
InosculateTo unite by openings, as arteries in anastomosis.
The surgical circumvention, by
anastomosis, of a diseased portion of the intestine; also sometimes used to
reduce nutrient absorption in morbidly obese patients.
Surgery performed on a fetus while it is
in the womb.
IridectomeA slender cutting instrument used in
performing an iridectomy.
IridectomizeTo perform an iridectomy on.
IridectomyExcision of part of the iris.
JejunectomyExcision of part or all of the jejunum.
JejunostomyAn artificial opening from the jejunum
through the abdominal wall, created for the drainage of jejunal contents or
KeratectomyExcision of part of the cornea.
surgery performed upon the cornea, esp. a corneal transplantation.
of the cornea.
LaminectomyThe surgical removal of part of the
posterior arch of a vertebra to provide access to the spinal canal, as for the
excision of a ruptured disk.
small surgical instrument, usually sharp-point and two-edged, for making small
incisions, opening abscesses, etc.
of strips of the abdominal wall and suturing of the wounds so as to correct
laxity of abdominal muscles.
flexible fiberoptic instrument, passed thrugh a small incision in the
abdominal wall and equipped with biopsy forceps, an obturator, scissors or the
like, with which to examine the abdominal cavity or perform minor surgery.
of the abdominal cavity or performance of minor abdominal surgery using a
cutting instrument for performing a laparotomy.
through the abdominal wall.
of part or all of the larynx.
surgical instrument that employs a laser beam to destroy diseased tissue or to
create small channels; used to open clogged arteries and, in ophthalmology, to
treat patients with glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy.
SurgeryThe surgical use of lasers.
An instrument used to raise a depressed
part of the skull.
Lidocaine an anesthetic that may be injected in large amounts of liquid during liposuction.
act of ligating, esp. of surgically tying up a bleeding artery.
surgical removal of fatty tissue. Cf. suction lipectomy.
Another name for liposuction.
A usually cosmetic surgical procedure in which fat is removed from a specific area
of the body, by means of suction.
to remove one or more stones from an organ or duct.
instrument for performing lithotrity.
operation of crushing stone in the urinary bladder into particles small enough
to be voided.
of a lobe of an organ or gland.
undergone a lobotomy.
operation of cutting into a lobe, as of the brain or the lung.
LopTo cut off (a limb, part, or the like)
from a person, animal, etc.
surgical removal of a breast cyst or tumor.
excision of one or more lymph nodes, usually as a procedure in the surgical
removal or destruction of a cancer.
MammoplastyReconstruction or alteration in size or
contour of the breast.
operation of removing all or part of the breast or mamma. Also called
removal of part of a mastoid process, usually for draining a infection.
of a pendulous breast.
surgical excision of a meniscus, as of the knee joint.
surgery to correct a functional or cosmetic deformity of the chin.
miniature probe for use in microsurgery.
of various surgical procedures performed under magnification and with small
specialized instruments, permitting very delicate operations, as the
reconnection of severed blood vessels and nerves.
with a small incision into the abdomen, often no more than 1 in. (2.5 cm),
used sep. for tubal ligation.
surgical removal of a myoma, esp. the excision of a fibroid tumor from the
incision of the tympanic membrane.
The dissection of dead bodies.
A bacterial infection in which bacteria infect and kill the skin and
of a kidney.
or opening of a kidney pelvis for removal of a calculus.
into the kidney, as for the removal of a calculus
removal of part or all of a nerve.
of adhesions from a nerve fiber.
of the brain or other nerve tissue.
cutting of a nerve, as to relieve neuralgia.
The operation of removing one or both
Surgery performed on the exposed heart
while a heart-lung machine pumps and oxygenated the blood and diverts it from
That which can be treated by a surgical
operation. Cf "inoperable"
To have performed a surgical procedure.
A procedure aimed at restoring or
improving the health of a patient, as by correcting a malformation, removing
diseased parts, implanting new parts, etc.
Excision of one or both testes;
The surgical correction of deformities or
malpositions of the jaw.
Excision of part or all of a bone.
The fracturing of a bone to correct
An instrument for effecting osteoclasis.
Pertaining to osteoplasty.
A double-beveled chisel like instrument for
cutting or dividing bone.
The dividing of a bone, or the excision
of part of it.
Any of various surgical procedures, as a
colostomy, in which an artificial opening is made so as to permit the drainage
of waste products either into an appropriate organ or to the outside of the
Plastic surgery of the external ear.
The operation of removing one or both
Incision into or removal of an ovary.
PancreatectomyExcision of part or all of the pancreas.
of the pancreas.
Puncture of the wall of a cavity to drain
off fluid. Also called "tapping."
excision of a parathyroid gland.
a change in feelings or sensation. May be an increase in feeling (pain) or a decrease
in feeling (numbness).
artificial leg, esp. a wooden one.
Noting a wound that pierces the skin,
esp. a deep wound entering an organ or body cavity.
To pass (fluid) through blood vessels or
the lymphatic system.
passage of fluid through the lymphatic system or blood vessels to an organ or
To cover with peritoneum.
of part or all of the pharynx.
cutting instrument used for phlebotomy.
Concerned with or pertaining to the remedying or restoring of
malformed, injured, or lost parts: Example: a plastic operation.
The branch of surgery dealing with the
repair or replacement of malformed, injured, or lost organs or tissues of the
body, chiefly by the transplant of living tissue.
perform plication on.
Any inert material inserted into a body
cavity for therapeutic purpose.
A patch of scalp with viable hair follicles that is used as a
graft for a bald part of the head. Cf. "hair transplant."
of part or all of a lung.
psycho-surgical procedure in which the frontal lobes are separated from the
rest of the brain by cutting the connecting nerve fibers. Also called
"frontal lobotomy, lobotomy."
A specimen, as an animal body, prepared
for scientific examination, dissection, etc.
put in proper condition or readiness: Example: to prepare a patient for
Excision of part or all of the prostate
device, either external or implanted, that substitutes for or supplements a
missing or defective part of the body.
branch of surgery or of dentistry that deals with replacement of missing parts
with artificial structures. Cf. "prosthodontics."
of mental disorders by means of brain surgery. Cf. "lobotomy."
Spontaneous or surgical dilatation of a
Pieces of fat that may find their way into the blood stream and get stuck in the
lungs during liposuction. This causes shortness of breath or trouble breathing.
suture for a circular opening, stitched around the edge, that closes it when
The surgical alteration of the pylorus,
usually a widening to facilitate the passage of food from the stomach to the
of mental disorders by means of brain surgery. Cf. "lobotomy."
or surgical dilatation of a salivary duct.
A suture for a circular opening, stitched around
the edge, that closes it when pulled.
surgical alteration of the pylorus, usually a widening to facilitate the
passage of food from the stomach to the duodenum.
An electrical instrument for cutting
tissue that by searing severed blood vessels seals them and prevents bleeding.
restoration of appearance and function following injury or disease, or the
correction of congenital defects, using the techniques of plastic surgery.
restore (a tooth, organ, limb, or other structure) to its original site.
surgical restoration of a tooth, organ, limb. Or other structure to its
reattach, as a severed arm, finger, or toe, esp. with the use of microsurgery
to reconnect nerves and blood vessels.
as of a bone.
instrument or appliance for drawing back an impeding part, as the edge of an
restoration of the blood circulation of an organ or area, achieved by
unblocking obstructed or disrupted blood vessels or by surgically implanting
surgically improve the blood circulation of (an organ or area of the body).
surgery of the nose.
surgical section or cutting of the spinal nerve roots, usually posterior or
sensory roots, to eliminate pain.
strongly constructed instrument with a sharp-edge, scoop-shaped tip, used for
gouging out bone.
Excision of the fallopian tube.
The formation of an artificial opening
into a fallopian tube.
A small, light, usually straight knife
used in surgical and anatomical operations and dissections.
A shoulder dressing that keeps the
shoulder or another bandage in place.
An act or instance of scarifying.
A surgical instrument for scarifying.
To make scratches or superficial
incisions in (the skin, a wound, etc.), as in vaccination.
An instrument for use in performing a sclerotomy.
A spoonlike apparatus for removing
substances or foreign objects from the body.
To make an incision.
a drug which helps a person to relax and may make them feel sleepy.
Excision of part or all of a septum, esp.
the nasal septum.
The removal of dead spicules or portions,
esp. of bone.
a collection of fluid from the blood that has pooled at the liposuction site.
To put (a broken or dislocated bone) back
A thread or the like inserted beneath the
skin to provide drainage or to guide subsequent passage of a tube.
The alteration, by surgery and hormone
treatments, of a personís morphological sex characteristics to approximate
those of the opposite sex.
A channel through which blood or other
bodily fluid is diverted from its normal path by surgical reconstruction or by
a synthetic tube.
Skin used for transplanting in skin
skin or underlying tissue dies and falls off.
A wire noose for removing tumors or the
like by the roots or at the base.
To examine, as the urinary bladder, with
An instrument fro rendering a part
accessible to observation, as by enlarging an orifice.
Excision of removal of the spleen. Also
A sterile surgical dressing of absorbent
material, usually cotton gauze, for wiping or absorbing pus, blood, or other
fluids during a surgical operation.
An instrument having a dull flattened
blade for removing substances or foreign bodies from certain parts of the
body, as wax from the ear.
A micro surgical procedure to relieve
deafness by replacing the stapes of the ear with a prosthetic device.
An artificial opening between two hollow
organs or between one hollow organ and the outside of the body, constructed to
permit the passage of body fluids or waste products.
To remove (a vein) by pulling it inside
out through a small incision, using a long, hooked instrument.
Excision of part or all of a goiter.
A technique involving extraction of the fetus
through a suction tube, used to perform abortions during the early stages of
The removal of fatty tissue by making a small
incision in the skin, loosening the fat layer, and withdrawing it by suction.
A physician who specializes in surgery.
The art, practice, or work of treating
diseases, injuries, or deformities by manual or operative procedures;
Treatment, as an operation, performed by a Surgeon.
Pertaining to or involving surgery or Surgeons.
A needle for suturing.
A surgical facility, not based in a
hospital, where minor surgery is performed on an outpatient basis.
Surgery that interrupts a nerve pathway
of the sympathetic or involuntary nervous system.
Excision of part of a ligament.
A tissue or organ transplanted from one
member of a species to another, genetically identical member of the species,
as a kidney transplanted from one identical twin to the other. Also called
"isograft, isoplastic graft, syngeneic graft" Cf. "allograft,
TapThe withdrawal of fluid: Example"
TaxisThe replacing of a displaced part, or the
reducing of a hernia or the like, by manipulation without cutting.
TenaculumA small sharp-pointed hook set in a
handle, used for seizing and picking up parts in operations and dissections.
TenorrpaphySuture of a tendon.
TenotomyThe cutting of a tendon.
TentA roll or pledget, usually of soft
absorbent material, as lint or gauze, for dilating an orifice, keeping a wound
AbortionAbortion performed when a womanís pregnancy
endangers her health.
ThermocoagulationThe coagulation of tissue by
heat-producing high-frequency electric currents, used therapeutically to
remove small growths or to create specific lesions in the brain.
ThoracoplastyThe operation removing selected portions
of the ribs to collapse part of the underlying lung or an abnormal pleural
space, usually in the treatment of tuberculosis.
ThoracostomyThe construction of an artificial opening
through the chest wall, usually for the drainage of fluid or the release of an
abnormal accumulation of air.
ThoracotomyIncision into the chest cavity.
ThrombectomySurgical removal of a blood clot from a
Inflammation of a vein caused by a blood clot.
Surgical removal of the thymus gland.
ThroidectomyExcision of all or a part of the thyroid
ThyrotomeAn instrument for cutting the thyroid
Incision or splitting of the thyroid
cartilage; laryngotomy. Cf. "thyroidectomy."
Toxic Shock Syndrome
An infection caused by bacteria that release toxins into the body. This
type of infection can occur after surgery if bacteria are accidentally introduced during the surgery.
TracheostomyThe construction of an artificial opening
through the neck into the trachea, usually for the relief of difficulty in
TrocarA sharp-point instrument enclosed in a
canula, used for withdrawing fluid from a cavity, as the abdominal cavity.
LigationA method of permanent sterilization for
women, involving the surgical sealing of the fallopian tubes to prevent the
ovum from passing from the ovary to the uterus.
TuckA plastic surgery operation: Example:
a tummy tuck.
TympanoplastyReconstruction of the eardrum and the
bones of the middle ear.
Ultrasound assisted liposuction
a type of liposuction in which fat is first loosened by using an
ultrasonic probe and then removed by means of suction.
UreterolithotomyIncision of a ureter from removal of a
construction of an artificial opening from the ureter through the abdominal
wall or the flanks, permitting the passage of urine.
or removal of part or all of the urethra.
construction of an artificial opening from the urethra through the perineum,
permitting the passage of urine.
operation to cut a stricture of the urethra.
of the uvula.
VaginectomyExcision of part or all of the vagina.
The surgical severance of vagus nerve fibers, performed to
reduce acid secretion by the stomach. Cf. "vaginal block."
The opening, slitting, or fracturing of a
The surgical removal or ligation of
varicose veins in the scrotal sac.
removal of a varicose vein.
of the vas deferens, or of a portion of it: performed to effect sterility in
Ligation of the vas deferens.
or opening of the vas deferens.
reversal of a vasectomy, performed by surgical reconnection of the severed
ends of the vas deferens.
The puncture of a vein for surgical or
therapeutic purpose or for collection of blood specimens for analysis.
Accidental organ punctures made with the liposuction probe or canula
micro-surgical procedure of removing the vitreous humor and replacing it with
saline solution, performed to improve vision that has been impaired by
dissect the living body of (an animal).
large dressing made of cotton or a similar absorbent material that is used to
stanch the flow of blood or dress a wound.
obtained from a member of one species and transplanted to a member of another
species. Also called "heterograft." Cf. "allograft, autograft,
instrument fro scraping bones.
of living tissue to the human body from an animal of another species.
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