Consumers’ Research Council of America

   First Edition
Copyright © 2001-2003

Consumers’ Research Council of America

2020 Pennsylvania Avenue NW #300-A

Washington, D.C. 20006

-All Rights Reserved-

Table of Contents


How Golf Instructors Were Selected
Finding a Golf Instructor
Golf Schools
Golf Lessons
The Best Golf Internet Sites






Rules of Golf (Condensed Version)
Golf Glossary
Golf Associations and Information



All Rights Reserved
Copyright © 2002-2003, by Consumers' Research Council of America

The omission of golf instructors in this book does not mean that such instructors are not competent, reputable or qualified professionals. The information provided to the authors and publishers can not be assured of accuracy since information was provided by third parties. As a result, the information provided by surveys and/or third parties is viewed as subjective and possibly incomplete. This book is intended to serve as an informational guide.

The author and publishers can not ensure accuracy of information provided to them by third parties and, therefore, assume no responsibility. Consumers' Research Council of America does not necessarily endorse instructors mentioned in this guide and makes no representation or warranties about any products or services they may provide. Liability to any person, company, organization or other for any loss or damage caused by errors or omissions from this book are hereby disclaimed.

No fees, donations, sponsorships or advertising are accepted from any individuals, professionals, corporations or associations. This policy is strictly adhered to, insuring an unbiased selection.

Commercial Use Prohibited

Consumers' Research Council of America will take any necessary legal action to prosecute any individual, company and/or corporation who uses this list for any commercial use or purpose. Consumers' Research Council of America's name and/or the name of this publication, "America's Top Golf Instructors", can not be used for commercial purposes or advertising without prior written consent.

For more information, please contact :

Consumers’ Research Council of America

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Selection Process

Consumers' Research Council of America has compiled a list of golf instructors throughout the United States by utilizing a point value system. This method uses a point value for criteria that we deemed valuable in determining top golf instructors.

The criteria that was used and assessed a point value is as follows:


Each year the instructor has taught

Playing Ability


Having achieved two rounds of 84 or less on a par 72 championship golf course, or a combined total of 168 or less in two consecutive games

Professional Associations

Membership in Recognized Golf Associations

Teaching Ability

The ability and understanding to analyze the golf swing

Swing concepts of teaching

Understanding of club design and building

Knowledge and ability of fitting clubs to a person

Understand, recognize and correct common faults

A complete understanding and ability to teach golf etiquette

A complete understanding of the rules of golf

Simply put, golf instructors that have accumulated a certain amount of points qualified for the list. This does not mean that golf instructors that did not accumulate enough points are not good instructors, they merely did not qualify for this list because of the points required for qualification.

Similar studies have been done with other professions using a survey system. This type of study would ask fellow professionals on who they would recommend. We found this method to be more of a popularity contest. For instance, professionals who work in at large club have much more of a chance of being mentioned as opposed to a professional who has a smaller type of business, IE driving range. For these reasons, we developed the point value system.

Since this is a subjective call, there is no study that is 100% accurate. As with any profession, there will be some degree of variance in opinion. We feel that a point value system takes out the personal and emotional factor and deals with factual criteria. We have made certain assumptions. For example, we feel that the more years in teaching is better than less years in teaching; playing ability and scoring a lower score is better that scoring a higher score, being affiliated with professional organizations is better than not being affiliated, etc.

The top golf instructor list that we have compiled is current as of a certain date and other golf instructors may have qualified since that date. Nonetheless, we feel that the list we compiled is a good starting point for you to find a qualified golf instructor.

No fees, donations, sponsorships or advertising are accepted from any individuals, professionals, clubs, schools, courses, corporations or associations. This policy is strictly adhered to, insuring an unbiased selection.

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Finding the Best Golf Instructor

Choosing the right Golf Instructor is an important decision. Thus, our goal is to assist you in making that decision.

First of all, when selecting a golf instructor, you may want to begin your search several different ways:

  • Ask family, friends, neighbors and/or co-workers.
  • Contact your local public and/or private golf course and ask for referrals for the area's top golf instructors.
  • Contact and ask for referrals from golf associations and clubs.
  • Contact department heads of athletic departments in local high schools and colleges and ask for instructor referrals.
  • Go to your local golf store and ask the owner or manager if they have any recommendations for a qualified instructor.

We recommend that you informally interview the potential golf instructor and ask them the following questions:

How long have they been teaching?

Are they a better player, teacher or both?

What is their focus when teaching you?

What is their teaching philosophy?

Where did they get trained?

Do they specialize in a certain part of the game?

Do they follow the same teaching method for all students or are they flexible with each student?

Do they specialize in beginner, intermediate or advanced players?

Do they specialize in teaching, men, women or children, or does it matter?

What is the procedure for setting appointments and canceling if need be?

Do they have an associate that covers for them when they are not available?

What type of instruction and frequency of lessons do they recommend?

Be aware that just because someone is a good golfer, it does not necessarily make them a good golf teacher. On the same token there are some excellent teachers that have not achieved professional status.

After you have consulted a few golf instructors you should have a good idea which one you felt most comfortable with and who best answered your questions.

Golf lessons vary in price dramatically. You can not assume that the more expensive teacher is better simply because they charge more. Find someone that you communicate well with and feel comfortable with. Once you have found a potential teacher, use the internet to see if they have  been selected .

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Golf Schools

Most golfers desire improvment in their game. There are various ways of accomplishing this. Some golfers watch instructional videos, some read books, others practice more, and some get instruction through instructors.

Golf schools have become more and more popular for people who are serious about improving their game. Golf schools are generally a multi-day training experience. The intense instructional format of these schools covers all aspects of the game.

Golf schools can be a benefit to all golfers at any level of play. Some instructors specialize in working with beginners. They will be taught basic fundamentals of golf, including basic rules, etiquette,  proper grip and proper swing.

The intermediate player's game is analyzed and fine tuned. The instructor will help them in weak areas that he notices. He will have them work on their swing, chipping and their short game. Golf schools can be a great learning experience, and can be a lot of fun at the same time.

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Golf Lessons

Golf is a sport that should be fun and relaxing. Golf is most enjoyable when you understand the game and become a better player. Golf lessons can expedite your learning of this sport and improve your game. As we mentioned earlier, it is very important to find a good instructor.

A good instructor will teach you as much as possible without giving you too much information at once. An abundance of information all at one time is counterproductive and can confuse a student. A good instructor will be able to sense when his student is approaching that limit.

It is important when leaving a lesson that you have a clear understanding of what you need to be practicing. It can slow down your progress when you leave a lesson and then practice incorrectly all week. You are then in a position to have to break bad habits.

To get the most out of your lessons you need to communicate well with your instructor. If you do not completely understand what the instructor is telling you, ask for a clarification and have him show you again. When your lessons are over ask your instructor exactly what you should be practicing and how often.

You can make quick progress and enjoy lessons at the same time. As the old adage goes, practice makes perfect. It is very true in golf so we recommend that you go to a driving range and hit a bucket of balls as often as you can.


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The Best Golf Internet Sites

Callaway Golf welcomes you
Clubmaker Online
Corporate Golf - The Fortune 500's Pro Shop
Custom Golf Clubs - Titanium Woods, Irons, and Graphite Shafts....
Daiwa's Golf Department
Golf Clones- generic golf clubs and golf accessories
Golf Clubs Etc, featuring golf clubs, irons, woods, components and equipment.
Golf Clubs Fore Less - Golf clubs manufactured with the highest quality materials.
Golf Clubs
Golf Digest – Equipment
GOLF USA is Your Family's Personal Pro Shop. Super Pro Shop, Golf Superstore, Discount, Golf Equipment, Discount Golf Prices, Golf Clubs stocked include Callaway Golf, Taylor Made, TaylorMade, King Cobra, Cobra Golf, Ping , Armour, Topflite, Titleist, Orlimar, golf clubs
GOLFonline – Equipment
Golfsmith International, Inc. - Golf Equipment, Golf Clubs, Club Components, Clubmaking, Golf Superstores
Irons - Golf Store dot Com!
Nevada Bob's Discount Golf Shop
PING- Junior Clubs and Youth Sets
Spalding Golf Equipment - Back 9 Golf Shop
Taylor Made Golf - Welcome!
Titleist. Golf's Symbol of Excellence
Top-Flite-The Industry Leader in Golf Ball Technology

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Addictwear Golf Apparel
All American Specialty Corp. - A Polo and Golf Shirt Company
Apparel - Golf Store dot Com!
Custom Golf Apparel - Golf Tournaments Incorporated - Specialists in Tournament Services
Discount Golf Apparel, Equipment, and Accessories
Discount-Golf Apparel and accessories, hats, golf bags
Golf Evening Wear
Golf Shoes Plus
Golfzone, Inc. Home Page
Golfers Gear - Clothing, Rainwear, and Accessories for Gifts and Corporate Golf Tournaments
Pure Adrenalin Golf Wear
TAG Sportswear - Golf Shirts-Polos
The Golf Company – Apparel

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Definitive Myrtle Beach Search Directory
Carolina Golf - Myrtle Beach  South Carolina Golf Packages for friends, family, and friends
Database of Thousands of Vacation Packages Vacations Deals Getaways Cruises Resorts Tours Golf Adventure Sports Packages
Florida Golf Vacations Florida Golf Packages Golf Vacations
Florida Golf Vacations
Global Golf Guide - Golf Vacations
Golf Vacation Packages from Pacific Golf Adventures
Idyllic Hawaiian Golf Vacation, Kona, HI, Hawaii, The Big Island, Island of Hawaii, Lodging and Travel Information
New Orleans, Mississippi Gulf Coast, Golf Vacations, Golf Courses, Golf Outings, Accommodations and golf packages, by Big Easy Golf Inc.
Resort Golf Vacations – Catalog
Resort Golf
Table of Contents - Connections A Southern Golf & Vacation Guide
Welcome to SNF Golf Vacations!

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Schools and Instruction
All about golf, from
America's #1 Golf Schools
America's Favorite Golf Schools
Barbara Puett Golf Schools
Dream Swing Golf Swing Trainer
Exclusively Golf, Inc.
Golf Instruction, Golf Lessons at The Golf School
Golf Schools, Instruction and Lessons - World Golf
Golf Schools
Professional Golf Teachers Association of America
Swing Rite Home Page
Swing Solutions
U.S. Golf School Locator

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Definitive Myrtle Beach Search Directory
Golf Course Photo Gallery - Golf Course Pictures from Across the U.S.
America's Best--Golf Courses by Rank
Golf at Half Price, Discounts on almost 4,500 Golf Courses
Golf Courses -Golf Guide USA Map - Your guide to America's best Golf Courses & Golf Vacations
Golf Greens - The Most Complete Regional Guide to Golf Courses - GOLF MAGAZINE's Directory of Golf Courses, Resorts & Clubs
Golf-Today Your Source for Golfing Information
North American Golf Directory A complete listing of every public golf course and their facilities including detailed websites indexed via a search process.

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Rules of Golf (Condensed Version)



Rules pertaining to the teeing area

1. When starting play on a hole, the ball must be teed within the teeing area--that area two club lengths in depth, the front and sides of which are defined by the outside limits of two tee markers.

2. Should a ball fall off the tee or be knocked off accidentally during the address, it shall be re-teed without penalty.


Rules from tee to green

1. Ball lost or out-of-bound.

A ball is to be treated as lost or out-of-bounds after reasonable evidence to this effect is shown. An honest attempt must be made to find the ball. Penalty: loss of distance and a one stroke penalty. The player must play his next stroke as near as possible to the spot from which the original ball was played.

2. Provisional ball.

If there is doubt as to whether a ball is lost or out-of-bounds, the player may play another from the spot where the original ball was played. This is done to save time and avoid going back after the ball is declared lost. The player must announce his intention of playing a provisional ball. He may play the provisional ball until he reaches the place where the original ball is likely to be. If the original ball is lost or out-of-bounds, he shall incur the penalty and continue play with the provisional ball. If the first ball is playable, he may play that and disregard all strokes taken with the provisional.

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3. Ball unplayable

The player is the sole judge as to whether his ball is unplayable. If the ball is so declared, the player has three options:

a) Drop a ball behind the unplayable spot keeping the spot inline with the flag stick (no limit on how far back)

b) Drop a ball within one club length, no nearer the hole, adding 1 stroke for either option (a) or (b).

c) Drop a ball as near as possible to the spot from where the original ball was played, adding one stroke plus distance

4. Dropping a ball

To drop a ball, the player faces the hole and drops the ball with arm extended sideways while standing erect. The ball should be dropped as near as possible to the original spot. In a hazard, the ball must come to rest in the hazard. Should a ball be dropped and roll into a hazard, it may be dropped again.

5. Improvement of lie

Nothing may be done to improve the lie of the ball in the rough. A ball may not be lifted and only as much of the long grass may be moved as is necessary to identify the ball.

6. Loose impediments

Loose impediments such as dead leaves and twigs may be removed as long as the ball is not moved in the process. Should the ball lie in a hazard, these impediments may not be touched.

7. Movable and immovable obstructions

Movable obstructions may be moved with no penalty (hoses, rakes, etc.). Objects such as buildings, water hydrants and other similar immovable obstructions are not considered hazards. Should these interfere with the swing or stance, the ball may be lifted and dropped within two club lengths from the obstruction without penalty.

8. Hitting the wrong ball

A player is responsible for the identification of his own ball. He must hole out with the same ball driven from the tee. Should he play the wrong ball, except in a hazard, in stroke play the penalty is two strokes and then he must play his own ball. In match play, he loses the hole.

9. Water hazards

If a ball lies in or is lost in a water hazard, the player may, under penalty of 1 stroke, either:

a) Drop the ball as far back from the hazard as he wishes, or

b) As near as possible to the spot from which the original ball was played.

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Rules on the green

1. Cleaning the ball

A ball on the putting green may be lifted, cleaned and replaced on the same spot from which it was lifted, without penalty.

2. Moving ball on the green

Should a ball rest on the intended line of putt, request may be made for its removal, with the spot marked.

3. Hitting ball against flag stick

A player may at any time have the flagstick attended, removed or held up to indicate the position of the hole. Should a ball hit a flag stick, while attended or removed, or should it hit the person holding the flag stick, a penalty of two strokes in stroke play and loss of hole in match play shall be given. If a ball is played from the putting surface and hits an unattended flag stick, a two stroke penalty in stroke playor loss of hole in match play is incurred.

4. Ball resting against flag stick

If a ball which is hit from off the putting green comes to rest against the flag stick in the hole, the player may request the flag stick to be removed. If the ball falls into the hole, the ball shall be considered to have been holed out on the last stroke.


General Rules

1. Playing on ground under repair

On occasion, areas of the course may be under repair. These areas are usually marked "Ground Under Repair" and should not be considered hazards. The privilege of dropping a ball without penalty is allowed.

2. Designating use of specific club

There is no rule that designates a specific club be used for any particular shot. For example, a sand wedge need not be used in a bunker nor a driver off the tee.

3. Lifting ball from non-hazards

Accumulation of standing water or holes made by burrowing animals are not considered hazards and a player may drop a ball as near as possible to that spot (but not nearer the hole) without penalty.

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Golf Glossary

A - C D - F G - I J - l M - O P - S T - V W - Z


A slang expression for a hole-in-one.


The player's position while preparing to play a shot .

AERIFY Process of boring small holes, typically less than ¾" in diameter, into a putting green (or the fairway) in order to improve growth. The process is usually done once or twice per year.


The aiming of your body at address, including the feet, knees, hips and shoulders.


A score of 3 under par on a hole, usually called double eagle.


A phrase meaning the score is tied in match play.


A golfer who plays for pleasure without remuneration.


Any shot played with the intent of reaching the green.


The area surrounding the green where the grass is cut shorter than on the fairway but not as short as on the green. Also referred to as the fringe.

ARC The nearly circular curve around the body made by a golf swing.
ARMY GOLF Slang term given to a player who has directional problems, especially from the tee. One shot will go to the right, one will go left...(left, right, left, right.) Hence the term "army golf."


Vouching for a competitor's score by signing her scorecard at the end of a round.


The ball lying furthest from the hole, and therefore the next ball to be played.


A putt which rolls around the cup and into it from the back side.


The second nine holes of an eighteen hole course.


A slang term for a ball which curves wildly from left to right.

BENT GRASS Type of grass, characterized by thin blades, found on most courses with varying seasonal climates.


A match in which one golfer plays against the best ball of three players or the better ball of two players.


One stroke under par.


A ball struck with enough backspin to make it stop quickly.


A putter with a thin head.


An old term for a broad-soled bunker club; now called sand wedge.


A shot in which the target area cannot be seen.


One stroke over par.


To allow for slope (or occasionally wind) when putting the ball.


An old word for a #2 wood.




A person who carries the clubs of a golfer.


The distance a ball travels from where it was struck to where it lands.


A temporary accumulation of water not part of a water hazard.

CAT BOX Slang term given to a sand bunker.


A short approach shot taken from near the green intended to have a short flight and a longer roll.


Hold the grip closer to the shaft than normal to add control or lessen distance.


The left foot is closer to the target line than the right foot at address.


A player may "concede" an opponent's putt in match play, meaning the opponent is considered to have putted out on the next stroke.

COUNTRY CLUB Term typically applied to an upscale (normally private or semi-private) golf club that generally offers other amenities in addition to golf (swimming, tennis, clubhouse, etc.)


The whole area within which play is permitted.


The evaluation of the playing difficulty of a course for scratch golfers stated in yardage.


The competition between amateur women golfers of the United States and Britain.


A ball struck with an intentional outside-in swing path giving a clockwise spin to the ball causing it to curve from left to right.

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A ball which stops so close to the hole that the next putt is a certainty.


Small concave markings on the golf ball helping the ball rise in flight.


A piece of turf dislodged by a golf swing.


A hole with a fairway which bends sharply to the right or left.


In match play, when a player or team is leading by the number of holes remaining to be played.


A score of two strokes over par. The words "triple" or "quadruple" are linked to bogey to signify 3 or 4 strokes over par.


A score of three strokes under par, also called an albatross.


The number of holes a golfer or a team is behind in match play.


A ball that starts straight at or a little right of the target and then curves slightly to the left with counter-clockwise spin, causing it to roll more when it lands. It is caused by the club moving on a slight inside-out path with a square club face at impact.


To hit the ball off the tee or with a driver.


A #1 wood.

DRIVING RANGE A practice area, either at a course or on its own, where players of all ability levels go to practice their game. A range may be a simple as a large mowed field with hitting areas or may be as elaborate as a facility with target greens and practice putting greens.


A poorly skilled golfer or a poor shot.


A ball that curves sharply from right to left, also called a snap hook.


A slang term for a poor golfer, also called a hacker.


A score of two strokes under par on a hole with a par of more than 3 strokes.

ETIQUETTE Accepted code of behavior and dress on the golf course. Examples include quiet while others play, not walking in another’s line of play on the putting green, etc.
EXECUTIVE COURSE A course with a par of well less than 72, usually between 54 and 68. Executive courses are designed to be played quickly by those (executives) who do not have ample time to play a full 18 hole round on a regulation course.


A shot hit in the sand trap where the club slides under the ball and displaces a large amount of sand.


The part of the club head that strikes the ball.


A ball hit straight towards the target and then curving slightly to the right. It is caused when the ball is struck across on an outside-in path with a square club face at impact, imparting a slight clockwise spin on the ball.


The part of the golf course between the tee and the green where the grass is cut fairly short.


Hitting too much ground under the ball, causing the club head to lose speed thus lessening the distance the ball travels.

FIVE-MINUTE RULE The amount of time (5 minutes) that the USGA Rules allow a player to look for his ball. A ball not found after 5 minutes after the search for it is begun is considered to be lost.


The pole in the cup on the green, usually with a flag attached, also called the pin.


A swing in which the club is closer to a horizontal than vertical plane.


A ball that goes further than intended because grass is caught between the club and ball at impact reducing the effect of the grooves on the club face; usually hit from the rough.


During the swing, the movement of the hands and arms after the ball has been struck.



A warning cry that lets people know an errant shot is headed their way.


The slight forward motion of the hands or the legs just prior to the beginning of the swing.


Four golfers playing together; sometimes required to speed up play.

FROGHAIR Thick, tall grass that borders the fringe on certain courses. The froghair, due to its thickness, is a very difficult area from which to play a controlled shot.


The first nine holes of an eighteen hole course.

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A slang word for a putt that is conceded in match play.


The slang term for the non-golfing spouse of a golfer.


The direction in which the flat grass on a green lies.


The part of the golf hole surrounding the cup where the grass is closely cropped to facilitate putting.

GREENKEEPER The person responsible for the condition, care and maintenance of the golf course. He or she may also be called the " greens’ superintendent."
GREENS FEE Fee charged to play a golf course.


The parallel lines on a club face designed to keep the ball from running up the face.


The total number of strokes taken without regard to handicap.


To place the club head on the ground behind the ball prior to taking the swing.


Areas on a golf course which are designated as being under repair, and from which a free drop may be taken.


A poor golfer, also called a duffer.


A term used when players have the same score on a hole in match play.


A number indicating a player's skill allowing players with different skill levels to play together on a relatively equal basis.

HANGING LIE A ball resting on a uphill slope.


The designation for a bunker, water area or water hazard.


The part of the club furthest from the shaft with which the ball is struck.


The part of the club face nearest the shaft.


The part of the green above the hole on a sloping green.


A 4 1/4 inch round hollow on the green into which one hits the ball, also called the cup; or the area from the tee box through the green, normally numbering 18 or 9 on a course.


The act of hitting the ball from the tee into the hole in one shot.


Hitting the ball to a spot parallel to but not into the hole.


Stroking the ball into the hole.


A slang expression for a handicap which is too low, making the golfer sound "like a star."


The player who hits first on a hole is said to have the "Honor". The honor is gained by having the lowest score on the most recently played hole.


Shutting the face of the club, usually by playing the ball closer to the right foot than normal.


A ball which may start towards the target but then curves greatly to the left with a counter-clockwise spin. It is caused by hitting the ball on an exaggerated inside-out path with a closed club face at impact.


The extension of the head of the club into which the shaft fits.


The designation found on the scorecard for the second 9 holes of an 18 hole course.

IN JAIL Term used when faced with a difficult shot with little option for hitting towards the green.


A slang expression for a short putt, no longer than the leather (or synthetic) grip; sometimes conceded in friendly play by an opponent.


A grip in which the left forefinger and the right baby finger are intertwined.

INVITATIONAL Type of tournament in which contestants must be invited in order to play. The most recognizable invitational event in the world is the Masters Tournament held each spring in Augusta, Georgia.

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To putt the ball with the intention of having it end up close to the cup.


A water hazard that runs parallel to a hole or green.


The situation of the ball on the ground after it has been played.


Specifically the label given to golf courses constructed in which the 1st hole begins at the clubhouse and the 18th ends there, with no holes except those returning to the clubhouse. Links courses are often built near water. Links is also a generic slang term given to any golf course having 18 holes.


The edge of the hole; also to hit a putt to the edge of the hole which does not fall in.


The useful information a golfer acquires by playing the same course many times.


The backward slope on the face of the club, defined in degrees for each club.


Natural objects such as leaves or loose stones which may be moved as long as the lie of the ball is not changed.


The part of the green below the hole on a sloping green.


Ladies Professional Golf Association.


A person who records a fellow competitor’s score in stroke play. Also, a coin or similar object used to indicate the location of a competitor’s ball on a putting green. "Marker" is also the term used to identify the boundaries of the teeing area.

MASHIE An old term for a #5 iron.


Competition based on the number of holes won or lost by each side.


Competition based on the number of strokes taken by each golfer; also called stroke play.


A slang term for a person who hits a ball to the right, then one to the left, etc., from "Right, Left, Right, Left."


A foursome in which a female golfer is paired with a male golfer on each side.


A second shot allowed after a poor first shot from the first tee in friendly play.


A three-way bet made on both the front nine and the back nine as well as the total round.


The score for a round or a hole after the handicap has been deducted from the gross score.


A cliche of golf meaning that unless a putt is struck hard enough to reach the hole it has no chance of falling into the cup.


An old term for a #8 iron.


An expression for the club bar, or having a friendly drink at the end of the round.


A club with a head that is set back from the hosel, putting the hands further in front to help square the club at impact.


The left foot is further from the target line than the right foot at address.


The designation for the first 9 holes of an 18 hole course on the scorecard.


Areas where play is prohibited, often marked by red stakes or listed in the course scorecard.


A grip in which the right baby finger laps over the left forefinger.

OVER PAR Term given to the number of strokes a player’s score is over the par for the number of holes played. For example, if a player shoots a score of 40 on 9 holes whose par is 36, he is said to be "4 over."

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A fixed number of strokes for each hole used as a standard of excellence, allowing for 2 putts and additional strokes depending on distance.

PENALTY Stroke(s) assessed when a ball is hit into a specific area either on (water hazard) or off (out of bounds) the course. Penalties may also be assessed for specific violations as defined in the United States Golf Association’s Rules of Golf.


The pole in the cup on the green, also called the flag stick.


An approach shot to the green which has a high arc and stops quickly.


A relaxation of the rules under poor conditions which allows the golfer to move his ball on the fairway; also called winter rules.


A competition between the male professional golfers of the United States and the "rest of the world" except Europe held every four years.


The side above the hole when the cup is cut on a sloping green, since the professional usually allows for the slope better than the amateur.


A ball played when a golfer is unsure whether it will be possible to find or play the first shot, i.e. a ball that may be lost, out of bounds, or in a water hazard. It is picked up without penalty if the first ball may be legally played.


A shot that goes directly to the left because of the action of the club (outside-in swing with a closed face at impact).


A ball that goes directly to the right because of the action of the club (inside-out swing with an open face at impact).


A short stroke taken on or near the green intended to put the ball in the hole.


A short club with a straight face designed for use on the green; also the person putting the ball.

PUTTING GREEN The area of the hole being played that is specifically mowed for putting. The term "Putting Green" may also refer to a practice putting area, usually near the clubhouse.
QUAIL HIGH A low shot, either hit accidentally or perhaps on purpose to bore into the wind or beneath limbs.


To hit a putt with a short but very firm backswing and follow-through.

RANGE BALL Type of ball used at a driving range facility. The balls may be used balls or may be specially made, difficult-to-cut balls purchased by upscale ranges for durability. Usually range balls are marked in some way; typically by a red stripe and/or name encircling the ball.


An incorrect move made during the downswing when the weight is transferred to the back foot instead of the front foot.


The playing of an agreed upon number of holes, usually 18 but sometimes 9; named after the circular design of early golf courses.


Any part of the course off the fairway where the grass or weeds are allowed to grow freely or are cut only slightly.


When a ball in motion is stopped or deflected by an outside agency (a spectator, bird, etc.), it is called the "rub of the green" and the ball must be played as it lies.


A competition between the male professional golfers of the United States and Europe held every four years.

SANDBAGGER A golfer who consistently plays to a score better than his handicap indicates that he should.


A depressed area filled with sand. Because it is a hazard, the club may not touch the sand before the ball is struck in a sand trap.


A high lofted club with a flange (bottom of the club) which is lower than the leading edge, allowing the club to move through the sand easily. This design feature is called bounce.


A match in which two teams compete, each team using one ball and hitting it alternately.


A player who averages par.


The long part of the club to which the grip and the club head are attached.


A ball struck sharply to the right; normally the result of being hit on the neck or hosel of the club.


A player or two or more golfers playing as a team.


A ball hit with a wood which goes almost straight up with little forward distance; caused by too steep an angle of descent in the downswing.


A ball curving sharply to the right due to an outside-in swing path and an open club face at impact.


A handicap index rating the playing difficulty of a course for above scratch golfers.

SNAKE A long putt; one that is usually holed from a long distance.


The bottom of the club.


A competition between the female professional golfers of the United States and Britain held every four years.


An old term for the #3 wood


The toes of the golfer are at equal distance from the target line at address.


The position of the golfer's feet at address.


A ball struck very close to the hole.


Competition based on the number of strokes taken by each player; also called medal play.


The best spot on the club face to hit the ball, somewhere about equal distance from the toe and the heel.


Extra holes played at the end of a competition between players who have tied for the lead.

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The initial part of the golf swing.


An imaginary line which runs from the ball to the intended target.


The section of the course from which one hits the first shot on every hole; also a small conical piece of wood or plastic (originally a small earthen mound) on which one places the ball to hit the first shot on each hole.


A nickname for the putter when it is used to stroke a ball from off the green.


A ball hit with the leading edge of the club at precisely the middle causing a low shot with lessened distance.


A designation for the entire course including hazards except the tee box and the green of the hole being played. The "green" was the name given to early courses.


The part of the club head furthest from the shaft.


Striking the ball above the middle with the leading edge of the club, causing the ball to roll or bounce forward for only a short distance.


A degree of twist occurring in the shaft of the club during the golf swing.

TRAP Generic term given to a bunker that contains sand. Also called a sand trap.


The flight of a golf ball while in the air.


The transition from the first nine holes to the second nine holes of play.


A ball not resting in a water hazard which is deemed unplayable by its owner.


A swing in which the club is closer to the vertical than the horizontal plane.


United States Golf Association.

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The to-and-fro motion of the hands and club prior to hitting the ball.


The amateur competition between men from the United States and Britain.


A short high lofted club intended to make the ball go high but not long. A pitching wedge usually has a loft of 48 degrees or more, while lob wedges have a 60 degree or higher loft.


A swing which is intended to hit the ball but misses entirely; counts as one stroke.

WIND CHEATER A shot that flies low into the wind in an effort to achieve less wind resistance and greater distance.


A relaxation of the rules under poor conditions which allows the golfer to move his ball on the fairway; also called preferred lie.

WORM BURNER A poor shot characterized by the ball not getting airborne and simply rolling fast along the ground.
"X" FACTOR Applies to the differential between hip angle and shoulder angle during a golfer's backswing.


A slang term for the psychological affliction that makes a golfer afraid that short putts will be usually missed.


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Golf Associations & Information

                      American Golf Players Association

P.O. Box 33039
Phoenix, AZ 85067-3039
  Phone: 1-888-790-AGPA(2472)
American Junior Golf Association

1980 Sports Club Drive
Braselton, GA 30517
  Phone: 877-373-2542
American Senior Golf Association

1 Airport Place
Princeton, NJ 08540
  Phone: 800-282-6772
         or 609-921-6300
      Fax: 609-921-2707
Club Managers Association of America

1733 King Street
Alexandria, VA 22314
  Phone: 703-739-9500
      Fax: 703-739-0124
Family Golf Association
2 East Broad Street
Hopewell, NJ 08525
  Phone: 609-466-8191
Golf Course Superintendents Association
of America

1421 Research Park Drive
Lawrence, KS 66049-3859
  Phone: 800-472-7878
         or 785-841-2240
Golf Range Association of America

P.O. Box 1265
New Canaan, CT 06840
  Phone: 203-972-6201
      Fax: 203-972-1667
The International Association
of Golf Administrators

3740 Cahuenga Blvd.
North Holywood, CA 91604
  Phone: 818-980-3630
Ladies Professional Golf Association

100 International Golf Drive
Daytona Beach, FL 32124-1092
  Phone: 386-274-6200
      Fax: 386-274-1099
Multi-Cultural Golf Association
of America, Inc.

P.O. Box 1081
Westhampton Beach, NY 11978
  Phone: 631-288-8255
National Association for
Golf Coaches and Educators
NAGCE Foundation Inc.

7458 Somerset Shores Ct.
Orlando, FL 32819
  Phone: 888-GO NAGCE

                   (888-466-2423 )
Fax: 407-354-1295
National Association of
Golf Tournament Directors

212 Henry Street, Second Floor
Alexandria, VA 22314
National Golf Course Owners

291 Seven Farms Drive
Charleston, SC 29492
  Phone: 843-881-9956
      Fax: 843-881-9958
The National Golf Foundation

1150 South US Highway One, Ste. 401
Jupiter, FL 33477
  Phone: 561-744-6006
      Fax: 561-744-6107
Professional Golf Teachers and
Coaches of America

718½ Promenade, Ste. B
Richmond, IN 47374
  Phone: 888-678-3224
The PGA of America
100 Ave. Of The Champions
P.O. Box 109601
Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410-9601
Physicians Golf Association
12 Solana, Ste. A
Irvine, CA 92612
  Phone: 888-757-8131
      Fax: 949-509-9341
The United States Golf Association

P.O. Box 708
Far Hills, NJ 07931
  Phone: 908-234-2300
      Fax: 908-234-9687
US Golf Teachers Federation®
1295 S.E. Port St. Lucie Blvd.
Port Saint Lucie, FL 34952
  Phone: 888-346-3290
         or 772-335-3216
      Fax: 772-335-3822

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